April 27, 2019 – the musicians of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra vote unanimously to ratify a contract, thereby ending a seven-week strike, the longest in the organization’s 128-year history, a walkout that saw the symphony’s director, Riccardo Muti, join the musicians on the picket line The contract calls for an increase of two percent during the first two years of the contract, 2.5 percent the third year, 3.25 percent he fourth year and 3.5 percent the fifth. In the final year of the contract the annual minimum base salary of a musician will be $181,272, keeping the musicians in step with Los Angeles and San Francisco. A major issue in negotiations was management’s proposal to move away from a traditional defined benefit plan to a defined contribution plan. The approved contract will freeze funds in the defined benefit plan, and musicians will have two options on when to make the switch to the new plan. Management had insisted that the former plan had become too costly; musicians insisted that management’s proposal of putting a set amount of money into individual retirement accounts would put too much investment risk on the musicians. Under the new contract musicians will be guaranteed that when they retire, they will receive the same amount they would have received if the former pension plan had been continued. Musicians also will see no increase in their health benefits. A deal was finally reached with the help of Mayor Rahm Emanuel who called members of the bargaining party into his office in order to facilitate the process. Emanuel says, “I want to thank the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Association and the world-class musicians who make up the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for coming to the table and negotiating in good faith toward an agreement to end the strike … This is a fair deal for the symphony and its musicians, and a great deal for the future of one of our city’s greatest cultural institutions.” [Chicago Tribune, April 28, 2019]
April 27, 1991 – Opening ceremonies are held for the Shedd Aquarium’s Oceanarium, the new home to two beluga whales, four Pacific white-sided dolphins, five Alaskan sea otters, three harbor seals, and a colony of penguins. According to the web site of the aquarium “the modernistic Abbott Oceanarium … was linked physically and philosophically to the original structure by using the same white Georgia marble on its exterior.” Architect Dirk Lohan says of his design, “If you have imagination, you can imagine that you’re on the edge of the ocean, looking out over the coastline, and these mammals are swimming and showing their abilities. I kept all this below the roofline and dome of the old building, so the silhouette of the aquarium and city wasn’t destroyed in any way … I’ve seen aquariums where people sit surrounding the pool – like a circle in a circus tent, where the animals perform for you. That was not something I liked. I came up with the idea that, since we’re on Lake Michigan, why don’t we create the water surface of the pool in such a way that it visually links with Lake Michigan?” [http://americanbuildersquarterly.com]
April 27, 1968 – Approximately 5,000 people gather in Grant Park for a rally against the war in Vietnam, and before the day is over 50 protestors are under arrest and 15 people are injured. The day begins with no sign of trouble as “demonstrators gathered in the park, laughing and joking as they picked dandelions to make necklaces … [they] also snipped lilacs and placed them in their hair.” [Chicago Tribune, April 28, 1968] The march to the Civic Center, today’s Richard J. Daley Center, is peaceful as protestors keep to the sidewalk and obey traffic signals. While some marchers circle the Civic Center, others cut ropes that barricade the plaza on the Washington Street side of the building. The police, under the personal direction of Superintendent James B. Conlisk, Jr., begin moving the marchers out of the plaza and onto Washington and Clark Streets, prompting about 250 people to stage a sit-down protest on the plaza. It is here that the first set of mass arrests takes place. Some officers deploy MACE, and protestors begin to throw picket signs at the officers. The commander of the First Police District, Captain James J. Riordan, is hit by a sign and treated for head wounds at Henrotin Hospital. At the protest’s height a thousand police battle the marchers while 50 counter-protestors shout curses at the anti-war group. Later, at the central district lockup army intelligence officers, F.B.I. agents and members of the police subversive unit, “seeking soldiers absent without leave and known Communists and Communist sympathizers” work their way through the jailed protestors. This is just the beginning as protests escalate until they reach a fever pitch in late August of the year as the Democratic convention rolls into town, and scenes like the one above give way to mayhem.
April 27, 1914 -- Whatever goes up must come down. Usually. That proves true enough in the Fine Arts building on this date as elevator operator Louis Rosenfeld lets in a few more people than wisdom would dictate -- 16 to be exact in a car rated for a dozen. Two women and two men squeeze into the elevator, already crowded with students and teachers from the upper floors. As it begins to descend a cable snaps and roars down the shaft, slamming into the roof of the car. From there it snakes through the front of the car, striking several passengers. No one can move since the elevator is so crowded. Two women faint and the car stops a few feet from the bottom of the shaft as the emergency brakes take hold. The roar of the calamity can be heard on Michigan Avenue, and the entire building shakes. The top of the car stops a few feet above the level of the first floor, and those rushing to help, including the manager of the Studebaker Theater, are able to pry the doors open and lift the passengers to safety. Fortunately, no one is seriously injured, but if I had been in the car, I might have given a considerable amount of thought to taking the stairs from then on.