Thursday, June 18, 2020

June 18, 1956 -- Lake Shore Drive Chose as Name for Outer Drive
June 18, 1946 -- The Board of Commissioners of the Chicago Park District votes unanimously to consolidate the various names by which the multi-lane highway along the lakefront has carried, renaming it Lake Shore Drive.  The nearly 14 miles of roadway, extending from Foster Avenue (5200 north) to Hayes Drive (6300 south) will be divided into North and South Lake Shore Drive at Madison Street.  The “S-Curve” at Oak Street and East Wacker Drive will be known as East Lake Shore Drive.  Columbus Drive between Twelfth and Twenty-Third Street will lose its name while the part of Columbus Drive that bisects Grant Park will retain its name.

June 18, 1968 – Executives from the International Business Machines Corporation announce plans to build the city’s third highest office building, rising 52 stories on the north side of the Chicago River between State Street and Wabash Avenue.  Architects involved in the project will include the offices of Mies van der Rohe and C. F. Murphy Associates.   I.B.M. vice-president H. W. Miller, Jr. says that the structure will be the largest office building that the company has ever constructed, and that the firm will occupy half of the building with an estimated 8,000 people working there when it is completed.  The company opened its first office in the city in 1916 with a dozen employees.  The new mid-century modern structure will bring some 4,500 I.B.M. employees scattered around the city in over a dozen locations into one location on the north side of the Chicago River.

June 18, 1949 – Chicagoans get an eye-full and an ear-full as 40 Air Force planes buzz the city for 30 minutes at noon to open a public information campaign aimed at an estimated 76,000 people with syphilis in the city.  There are fireworks over Grant Park and skywriters spelling out “K.O.V.D.” over the Loop.  The Junior Association of Commerce in association with the Chicago Health Department and the Federal Public Health Service sponsors this kick-off of a 45-day campaign to “K.O.V.D.” – “Knock Out Venereal Disease.” [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 19, 1949] This is the local contribution to a national effort that will begin on June 30 and will include “billboards, signs, posters, and car cards” to “urge everyone to find out about syphilis and to obtain treatment, if necessary.”  Dr. Herman N. Bundesen, the President of the Board of Health, says, “We want every person in Chicago to know that untreated syphilis is dangerous … With an estimated 75,000 infected persons in the city, no one should take a chance.  Treatment has been reduced from 18 months to 8 days during the last six years, and a one day treatment looks promising. Untreated, the disease may lead to blindness, insanity, and death.”

June 18, 1931 – Here is a parade I would like to have seen . . . stretching down Michigan Avenue and State Street for more than two miles, with Illinois Governor Frank O. Lowden and the United States Assistant Secretary of Agriculture R. W. Dunlap on the reviewing stand, the parade seeks “to convince the public that meat prices are the lowest in years.”  [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 19, 1931]  That’s right . . . It’s a Meat Parade!  There are “100 cowboys, 14 bands, several hundred farm boys and girls of Four-H clubs, 500 butchers with cleavers from the stockyards, floats designating various carcasses and cuts of dressed meat and comparative prices with a year ago, trucks of hogs, sheep and beef on the hoof and at the rear a drove of sheep ambling along the boulevard and into the loop”.  One of the truckloads of steers carries a banner proclaiming “Chicago buys more than $500,000,000 worth of live stock annually.”  A placard accompanying a float composed of a giant hot dog informs spectators that 5,000,000,000 hot dogs were consumed during 1930.  The Tribune photo above shows the drove of sheep being herded past the Michigan Avenue entrance to the Art Institute.

June 18, 1895 --  A daring raid is made at 1:00 a.m. on deputies guarding the Shufeldt distillery at Chicago Avenue and the North Branch of the river.  With the distillery in receivership, 25 deputies have been guarding the grounds since June 15, split into two crews, a group of 16 guarding the plant during the daylight hours, and nine taking the night shift.  On this night a boat approaches the distillery in which a “tall man, plainly distinguishable by his white straw hat”  [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 17, 1895] orders the rest of the men in the boat to fire on the distillery.  The deputies standing watch return the fire as the boat heads for the west bank and its crew “beat a hasty retreat.”  The bridge tender at the Halsted Street bridge, Joseph Piskowski, states that he saw “a large scow” rowing toward the distillery at 12:52 a.m. and also observed shots being fired from the men in the boat.  A deckhand on the steamer Clyde, docked opposite the distillery is more specific.  He states six men in the boat fired a total of ten shots before running away across Halsted Street.  The Shufeldt distillery was a Chicago whiskey producer that was involved for over a decade in a battle with the Distillers and Cattle Feeders’ Trust, a combine of 64 distilleries led by the Great Western Distillery of Peoria.  The idea of the trust was a midwestern O.P.E.C. – to limit production in the industry in order to reduce competition and protect profits.  Shufeldt’s plant was partially destroyed by dynamite on December 10, 1888, and another attempt to blow up the plant was made in February, 1891.  Several attempts were also made to burn the place down. Shufeldt finally caved in and sold its operation to the whiskey trust in 1901.  Predictably, that was the end of the company.  Catalog merchant Montgomery Ward bought the property, and constructed his immense warehouse there in 1908. 

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