Monday, June 1, 2020

June 1, 1981 -- O'Hare Loses "World's Busiest" Title
June 1, 1981 --  O’Hare International Airport loses its title as the world’s busiest airport, according to a spokesman for the Federal Aviation Agency.  After an expansion project Atlanta’s Hartsfield International Airport now holds the crown, handling 12,278,635 passengers in the first four months of 1981 as compared to 12,267,502 for O’Hare.  Chicago’s airport may not be down for long as a billion-dollar expansion project is in the works.  Today Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, the busiest airport in the world, is far ahead of O’Hare in terms of the number of passengers it handles per year, serving over 110,000,000 passengers in 2019 while O’Hare saw over 84,000,000, placing it sixth in the world.  The two airports are neck-and-neck, the two busiest in the world, though, in terms of airplane take-offs and landings with Hartsfield holding a slight edge.  The above photo shows the $540 million Helmut Jahn-designed United Terminal which was part of the expansion effort, opening in 1987.

June 1, 1932 – The city celebrates World’s Fair Day as it looks forward to the Century of Progress World’s Fair, still a year away.  The Chicago Daily Tribune reports, “Factory whistles and bells were sounded at noon, to be supplanted in the afternoon by the first demonstration of the 25 chime carillon on the tower of the hall of science.”  [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 2, 1932] The culmination of the day is the dedication of the Hall of Science, held on the south end of the terrace that is formed by the two wings of the building as it extends to the east.  More than 1,500 people attend.  The president of the Century of Progress, Rufus C. Dawes, uses the dedication of the hall to speak of the appropriateness of the fair’s theme.  “This is especially appropriate,” Dawes says, “because this period [the preceding one hundred years] represents also the great period of development of the physical sciences and their application to the services of man.”  Dr. Frank B. Jewett, the vice-president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, also speaks, his remarks underscoring the mission of the Hall of Science.  Jewett says that science, more than any other aspect of society, has influenced life over the past century, but “we have lagged egregiously in the development of our understanding and exercise of the social factors which these new things have introduced into human living … No amount of such understanding can even remotely touch the elements of human greed, avarice and misuse of public trust, but real understanding of the underlying forces will greatly simplify the solution of many problems.” The above photo shows the dedication of the Hall.
June 1, 1913 – The Chicago Daily Tribune reports on a complaint filed by a special committee of the Traders’ livestock exchange of Chicago, a group that represents 570 traders at the stockyards and handles 50 percent of all the livestock that comes into the city.  According to the group … “Thousands of diseased cattle pass through the Chicago stockyards every year without government inspection and are shipped to other points for slaughter, for breeding, and for fattening.”  [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 1, 1913].  Government inspectors examine only the animals that are bound for the five big Chicago packing houses, according to the complaint. In a letter to the U. S. Secretary of Agriculture, David F. Houston, the president of the livestock exchange writes, “A great many of the cattle purchased on the market which receive no federal inspection before being weighed to innocent purchasers are more or less affected with tuberculosis, and, coming in contact with other cattle in various locations, are bound to spread this much dreaded disease.”  The complaint asks the government for “equal rights and equal protection” for eastern and southern packing plants which lose up to 50 percent of the livestock they have purchased from the Chicago market because inspectors at those localities condemn animals that could have been identified through inspections in Chicago.

June 1, 1912 – Daniel Burnham dies in Heidelberg, Germany at the age of 66 while traveling with his wife, his son, Hubert, his daughter, Mrs. A. B. Wells, and her husband. At the final concert of the North Shore festival the orchestra plays the funeral march from Die Göterdämmerung while the A Cappella choir of Northwestern University offers a song of praise. U. S. President William Howard Taft offers these thoughts, “Mr. Burnham was one of the foremost architects of the world, but he had more than mere professional skill. He had breadth of view as to artistic subjects that permitted him to lead in every movement for the education of the public in art or the development of art in every branch of our busy life.” [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 2, 1912] The Chicago we know today and other cities throughout the country and the world would be far different places, were it not for the genius of Burnham, who did more than anyone to create the concept of urban planning. "Make big plans," he wrote, "aim high in hope and work, knowing that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will not die."

June 1, 1910 – Hamlin Garden, president of Chicago’s Cliff Dwellers, calls Chicago the “ugliest city on God’s earth” [Chicago Daily Tribune, June 2, 1910] at a meeting of the society.  He goes on to add that his hope is that in twenty-five years the city will be “as beautiful as it is huge.” At the same meeting sculptor Lorado Taft explains his plan to implement a “Midway Beautiful” plan in Hyde Park and appeals to his audience and Chicagoans in general to get the plan underway, suggesting that if this could be accomplished, other parts of the city would follow in creating a “Chicago beautiful.”  The top photo shows Madison Street at about the time of Garden's talk, looking east from Clark Street.  The photo below that shows the same scene today.

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