Saturday, August 4, 2018

August 4, 1902 -- Chicago Subway Recommended after East Coast Fact-Finding Tour

August 4, 1902 –The Chicago Daily Tribune prints the conclusions that members of the city council’s local transportation committee have generated as a result of their inspection of transportation systems in Manhattan, Boston and Brooklyn.  Alderman Milton J. Foreman says, “… a system of subways for street cars, at least in the congested districts, is an essential if Chicago is to have good, comfortable, and rapid transportation.” [Chicago Daily Tribune, August 4, 1902] Out of the trip comes a series of recommendations that include: (1) Chicago’s transportation condition cannot be improved until a subway is built and duplicated tracks and terminals are done away with; (2) the best service will be obtained when all lines – underground, surface, and elevated – are operated by one company; and (3) a subway can be built without significant damage to property since the Boston subway “passes through the same character of earth that would be met with in Chicago” and damages to buildings during construction amounted to less than $10,000.  It would be 41 years before the recommendations made in 1902 resulted in the city’s first subway.

August 4, 1928 – Plans for the 47-story One North LaSalle Street are announced, a building in the art deco style to be built at the northeast corner of LaSalle and Madison Streets.  It will replace the Tacoma building.  Work is expected to begin on May 1, according to K. M. Vitzhum and Co., the architects of the building.  Speculation is that the building will be seven feet shorter than the Pittsfield building on Washington Boulevard and six feet shorter than the First United Methodist Church of Chicago building on Washington and Clark, the two tallest buildings in the city.  The first eight floors of the building will be “artificially ventilated” to “reduce the ear strain caused by wailing taxicab brakes and the miscellaneous street uproar which supposedly blends into a soothing medley of sounds by the time it reaches the ninth floor.” [Chicago Daily Tribune, August 5, 1928] The Tacoma building, which will be razed, was completed in 1887, following the plans of Holabird and Roche, a tower that some claim to be the first metal-framed skeleton building in the world.  Below One North LaSalle above is a photo of the Tacoma Building as it stood at the corner of LaSalle and Madison.

August 4, 1903:  President Foreman of the South Park Board receives a letter from Marshall Field in which the merchant and real estate baron shares his desire to move forward with his offer to pay for the Field Columbian Museum as soon as the lakefront ground is ready for the site.  In the letter Field writes, “I am ready to go forward with the building whenever materials and labor are at reasonable figures, which probably will be as soon as the ground is ready for building.  Regarding the exact location, I think that can be safely left to your board.”  [Chicago Daily Tribune, August 5, 1903]  The site the park board ultimately chooses for the museum is exactly the location of today’s Buckingham Fountain, east of the railroad tracks and at the foot of Congress Street, extending north and south from Van Buren to Harrison.  Foreman responds to the offer, saying, “The Field museum will be the central gem in the greater Grant Park.  It will stand on a slight elevation, will be visible from all directions, and will present an especially imposing view.  The building, I am sure, will be the finest of its kind in the world.  Mr. Field is not in the habit of doing things half way or half-heartedly.”  Field would die in 1906, and it would be another 15 years after his death before his namesake museum would be opened after a decade of acrimony and lawsuits contesting the choice of the original site in Grant Park.   

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