July 4, 1902 – 10,000 people gather in Independence Square at Douglas Park and Garfield Boulevard as Illinois Governor Richard Yates unveils a great fountain while a band plays, Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean and 700 school children sing along. In his speech the governor says, “You may go around the world, and into every port, and you will find no flag so dear to the seekers for freedom as the stars and stripes that wave over there. It represents an unequaled, a sublime, and unprecedented citizenship.” [Chicago Daily Tribune, July 5, 1902] The sculpture by Charles J. Mulligan stands on top of a 15-foot base in the shape of the Liberty Bell. The children in the sculpture hold Roman candles that once served as fountainheads. The also carry a flag, bugle and drum in the celebration of an old-fashioned Fourth of July. Today the fountain basin is dry, surrounded by a ten-foot high fence as the above photo shows.